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AI Medicine Science

To Fight Fatal Infections, Hospitals May Turn to Algorithms (scientificamerican.com) 4

The technology used by Facebook, Google and Amazon to turn spoken language into text, recognize faces and target advertising could help doctors combat one of the deadliest killers in American hospitals. From a report: Clostridium difficile, a deadly bacterium spread by physical contact with objects or infected people, thrives in hospitals, causing 453,000 cases a year and 29,000 deaths in the United States, according to a 2015 study in the New England Journal of Medicine. Traditional methods such as monitoring hygiene and warning signs often fail to stop the disease. But what if it were possible to systematically target those most vulnerable to C-diff? Erica Shenoy, an infectious-disease specialist at Massachusetts General Hospital, and Jenna Wiens, a computer scientist and assistant professor of engineering at the University of Michigan, did just that when they created an algorithm to predict a patient's risk of developing a C-diff infection, or CDI. Using patients' vital signs and other health records, this method -- still in an experimental phase -- is something both researchers want to see integrated into hospital routines. The CDI algorithm -- based on a form of artificial intelligence called machine learning -- is at the leading edge of a technological wave starting to hit the U.S. health care industry. After years of experimentation, machine learning's predictive powers are well-established, and it is poised to move from labs to broad real-world applications, said Zeeshan Syed, who directs Stanford University's Clinical Inference and Algorithms Program.
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To Fight Fatal Infections, Hospitals May Turn to Algorithms

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  • I know I'm getting old and forgetful, but did we not already have this story?

    Although for sure it's news for nerds, a less exotic solution is proper hygene - studies have shown that simply cleaning the place regularly with bleach reduces infection considerably.

    Of course, this is difficult in emergency wards, but in operating blocks (which are supposed to be sterile), bugs are regularly found...

  • Right now, we have the problem of antibiotic resistance. Fun fact, one of the avenues being looked at before the discovery of antibiotics was the use of bacteriophages. Bacteriophage (aka phage) [wikipedia.org] are actually just complex viruses that I think are better described as being molecular memetic robots. These tiny memebots bump into bacterium, inject their genome into the bacterium's cytoplasm which starts the replication of more tiny memebots before finally exploding out.

    Finding the right bacteriophage is the

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