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Space Science

Hubble Sees Tribe of Baby Galaxies 13+ Billion Light Years Away 60

The Bad Astronomer writes "Using Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have spotted seven galaxies that are all over 13 billion light years away... including one that appears to be a record breaker at a staggering 13.3+ billion light years distant. That one is seen as it was only 380 million years after the Big Bang. This observation reaches into the era of the young cosmos when stars were first forming, and allows astronomers to better understand what the Universe was like back then — a time we know very little about."
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Hubble Sees Tribe of Baby Galaxies 13+ Billion Light Years Away

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  • by Anonymous Coward on Wednesday December 12, 2012 @06:55PM (#42266577)

    You can see the frequency shift, frequency distribution, and with the right equipment you can see the chemical composition. From this information you can determine the elemental composition of the early universe. This can be tested to see how the generations of stars evolved. This is important to us because the original universe was mostly hydrogen, a little helium, and tiny amounts of deuterium and lithium. Lithium and deuterium get burned up quick in stars so we don't see much of it in later generations. With the big stars we will see elements up to iron due to nucleosynthesis and eventually elements higher up when supernovas occur. In a very young galaxy (and perhaps this one isn't even young enough), not enough supernovas would have occurred to 'pollute' the stars and space around them. In any case, all of this information taken as a whole gives an independent verification of current theories on how old the universe is, what it was initially made up of, how the physics worked back then, and how all of this evolved over time to allow galaxies like ours that have many elements including ones produced in supernovas (like lead, gold, uranium, etc.).

  • Re:Pretty cool (Score:5, Informative)

    by DirePickle ( 796986 ) on Wednesday December 12, 2012 @07:40PM (#42267005)
    Ask and you shall receive. Hubble Deep Field in 3D [youtube.com]

%DCL-MEM-BAD, bad memory VMS-F-PDGERS, pudding between the ears