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Medicine Science Technology

The Virtues of the Virtual Autopsy 48

Hugh Pickens writes "Maryn McKenna writes in Scientific American that the standard autopsy is becoming increasingly rare for cost reasons, religious objections, and because autopsies reveal medical mistakes, making doctors and hospitals uncomfortable. Researchers in several countries have been exploring the possibility that medical imaging might substitute a 'virtual autopsy' for the more traditional variety. 'So few autopsies are being done now that many medical students get out of school never having seen one,' says Gregory Davis. 'And yet in medicine, autopsy is the most powerful quality-control technique that we have and the reason we know as much as we do about many diseases and injuries.' The process, dubbed 'virtopsy,' combines MRI and CT scanning with computer-aided 3-D reconstruction to prove causes of death for difficult cases, which included drownings, flaming car crashes, and severe injuries to the skull and face. Since 2004 the U.S. military has performed x-rays and CT scans on the bodies of every service member killed where the armed forces have exclusive jurisdiction — that is, not just on battlefields abroad but on U.S. bases as well. 'It allows us to identify any foreign bodies present, such as projectiles,' says Edward Mazuchowski. 'X-rays give you the edge detail of radio-opaque or metallic objects, so you can sort out what the object might be, and CT, because it is three-dimensional, shows you where the object is in the body.' A study conducted among intensive care unit patients in Germany compared diagnoses made before death with the results of both traditional and virtual autopsy in 47 patients and with only virtual autopsy in another 115 whose families refused standard autopsy. Virtual autopsies confirmed 88 percent of diagnoses made before death, not far behind the 93 percent rate for traditional postmortem exams. 'The findings so far are mixed,' says Elizabeth Burton of Johns Hopkins University. Virtual autopsy, she says, 'is better for examining trauma, for wartime injuries, for structural defects. But when you start getting into tumors, infections and chronic conditions, it's not as good, and I doubt it will ever be better.'"
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The Virtues of the Virtual Autopsy

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  • Re:Wait (Score:5, Interesting)

    by daem0n1x ( 748565 ) on Tuesday October 23, 2012 @06:21PM (#41745985)

    You're right. Not doing an autopsy because it might reveal the fuckups of some doctor is not only stupid, it's evil.

    What also makes me uncomfortable is seeing something as retarded as "religious objections" as a growing reason for not doing an autopsy. In the Middle Ages, scientists had to buy bodies illegally to make their studies, risking to be burned at the stake for that "horrible crime". Haven't people learned anything yet? What the fuck does their god of choice care if someone cuts open a dead body? He refuses to welcome the deceased guy in Heaven, or Valhalla or whatever?

    After I die, take me to medical college and study me for as long as you like. It may make someone's life better, or even save lives. Then burn me to ashes so I don't go occupying precious real estate. What the fuck do I care? I'll be dead.

Perfection is acheived only on the point of collapse. - C. N. Parkinson