## Can You Raed Tihs? 997

An aoynmnuos raeedr sumbtis:

*"An interesting tidbit from Bisso's blog site: Scrambled words are legible as long as first and last letters are in place. Word of mouth has spread to other blogs, and articles as well. From the languagehat site:**'Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at an Elingsh uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoetnt tihng is taht frist and lsat ltteer is at the rghit pclae. The rset can be a toatl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae we do not raed ervey lteter by it slef but the wrod as a wlohe. ceehiro.'*Jamie Zawinski has also written a perl script to convert normal text into text where letters excluding the first and last are scrambled."
## Here you go (Score:5, Informative)

http://jeff.zoplionah.com/scramble.php [zoplionah.com]

## Re:Yes, a cat's got my tongue, OK? (Score:4, Informative)

Actually, does this work well with letter pairs like, "th ch wh sh qu?" I forget what those are called.Digraphs? [reference.com]

## Re:Hmmm (Score:2, Informative)

## Re:Yes, a cat's got my tongue, OK? (Score:3, Informative)

No they ain't, diphthongs are pairs of vowels that merge together. Pairs of consonants are called err..consonant pairs.

## Re:Does this work for non native speakers? (Score:3, Informative)

WordNet (r) 1.7 [wn]

cheerio

n : a farewell remark; "they said their good-byes" [syn: adieu,

adios, arrivederci, auf wiedersehen, au revoir,

bye, bye-bye, good-by, goodby, good-bye, goodbye,

good day, sayonara, so long]

## Re:Yes, a cat's got my tongue, OK? (Score:5, Informative)

Huffman compression would be unaffected though, as it works on a per character basis.

## Compression worse... (Score:5, Informative)

Now, after you scrmable it, it's got equal quantities of begat, beagt, baget, baegt, bgeat, and bgaet. It's not so easy to compress any more.

Essentially, you're increasing the entropy of the file by a fair amount. Truly random data is not so easy to compress as english, because english has lots of order. Added disorder or entropy means compression is just not as easy.

## Re:Yes, a cat's got my tongue, OK? (Score:1, Informative)

## Re:Yes, a cat's got my tongue, OK? (Score:3, Informative)

In other words, the scramble.pl adds machine randomness to a rather organized and non-random set of data. Humans can still parse it (meaning that the data is very redundant) but the machine cannot compressed this 'more random' data.

-Adam

## Re:Yes, a cat's got my tongue, OK? (Score:3, Informative)

## Re:Compression worse... (Score:2, Informative)

Pardon me for being picky and off-topic, but this is a little peeve of mine...

Definition: Entropy

n 1: (thermodynamics) a measure of the amount of energy in a system that is available for doing work; entropy increases as matter and energy in the universe degrade to an ultimate state of inert uniformity [ant: ectropy]

"Disorder" is a terrible way of describing entropy, and to use the word entropy to describe disorder is even worse. Having said that, in computing the word has long since been hijacked to mean disorder (Shannon's formula?), so I must admit that your use is a little more valid than "My bedroom has a high degree of entropy".

Just my 2 cents! (sorry)

## Re:Hmmm (Score:2, Informative)

## This might help (Score:3, Informative)

alwayscomes before 'e' in 'ie' pairs, for example.My n

eighbor weighed your argument. He used a beige scale, and decided it was probably the heinous act of a foreigner to make such a statement. And you're weird. So rein in yourself, and remove the veil of ignorance, ye feisty cad!Thou should forf

eit karma, but that is neither here nor there.## Re:Compression worse... (Score:2, Informative)

NOTavailable to do work...Even though the original poster did misuse entropy, even in the information theory context... From www.dictionary.com:

2. A measure of the

disorderor randomness in a closed system.and Webster.com:

1 : a measure of the unavailable energy in a closed thermodynamic system that is also usually considered to be a measure of the system's

disorderGet over it. 8')

## Re:So in other words... (Score:3, Informative)

## Re:Compression worse... (Score:3, Informative)

2: (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome; "the signal contained thousands of bits of information"

If it's a pet peeve of yours, perhaps you should make a study of statistical mechanics and information theory, where the concept and term are more clearly and quantitatively defined. With a slightly deeper understanding of statistical mechanics, you will find that ther term is more fundamental than you thought, and that they are mathematically identical, applied to two separate fields. With this understanding, your objection is similar to saying that length is defined by the distance between two ends of an object, and that talking about the length of a file, or a length of time, is completely wrong.

While the term originated in thermodynamics, it was given a formal definition (even within the realm of physics) by Boltzmann with the development of statistical mechanics. Statistical mechanics allow Boltzmann to formulate and discuss entropy well in advance of energy or temperature. When they do enter the picture, thermodynamic (dQ/dt) entropy is identical to the statistical definition, with temperature defined by 1/t = d(Energy)/d(entropy) where those ds are partial derivatives. It's actually a fascinating topic, and a beautiful mathematical insight.

The description and definition used by Boltzmann for statistical mechanics are exactly the same as those used in information theory:

Entropy = Sum (-p(state)*ln(p(state)))

(over all possible states)

Or, with all states equally likely (the equipartition principle):

Entropy = ln( # of possible states)

Which is, of course, why Shannon used the term and the definition.

Sorry to contradict you, but misunderstandings and misuse of the term entropy are also pet peeves of mine, and this is not one of them.

## Written by Mark Twain? (Score:2, Informative)

http://www.unifon.org/spel-fun.html

http://www

(Too lazy for HTML)

## Re:Yes, a cat's got my tongue, OK? (Score:1, Informative)

goaste.cx, micorsoft.com, ssdlhoat.orgActually, it looks like there's more to it than ONLY getting the first and last letter. The first two are easily decipherable, but the last is insanity. It's easily the hardest to make out, which is bizarre considering where we're reading it...

"slahsodt" is much easier, while ssdhalot is next to impossible for non anagram-lovers.

## A neuroscientist writes... (Score:1, Informative)

Since I thought I ought to know about this, I've written a page of notes on the science behind this meme, including a list of the factors that my colleagues and I think might be relevant for reading this kind of transposed text. You can read more here:

http://www.mrc-cbu.cam.ac.uk/~matt.davis/Cmabri

Matt