'Megatrends' include an overall reduction of poverty and the "growth of a global middle class." NIC also sees a potential world of scarcities as the demand for food and water increase as the world's population swells from 7.1 billion to 8.3 billion people. Advances in health technologies will help people live longer, but 60% of the world's population is expected to live in an urban environment. Technological breakthroughs will be needed to meet the world's food, water and energy demands.
"Without completely disengaging, the U.S. no longer tries to play 'global policeman' on every security threat," the report states. However, that collapse or sudden retreat of U.S. power could lead to global anarchy, according to "Potential Black Swans that would cause the greatest disruptive impact."