## New Quantum Computing Record Set By Recycled Photons 47

Posted
by
Soulskill

from the still-working-on-the-reducing-and-reusing dept.

from the still-working-on-the-reducing-and-reusing dept.

CelestialScience writes

*"A recycling technique has enabled a quantum computer to carry out a quantum calculation known as Shor's algorithm on a larger number than ever before. The benchmark algorithm exploits quantum mechanics to simplify the factorization of numbers into their prime components — a hard task for classical computers when the numbers get large. Until now, the largest number factorized using Shor's algorithm was 15. Now Anthony Laing at the University of Bristol, UK and colleagues report in**Nature Photonics*that they used a recycled photon to factorize 21 — still far too small and trivial to spook cryptographers, who rely on the difficulty of factorizing large numbers for their widely-used techniques. But a record nonetheless."
## 7*3 (Score:3, Funny)

7*3. Nailed it!

## Re: (Score:2)

3*2 nope 5*5 nope 3*9 nope 2*4 nope 9*1 nope 7*3 nailed it 6*4 nope 2*9 nope 3*6 nope

## Re: (Score:2)

## Re: (Score:2)

*expects a whoosh after*

Factors are always integers :P

## Recycled photons? (Score:5, Funny)

Seen this before.

## No danger for crypto (Score:2)

This stuff scales incredibly bad with time. Not even a hint of a "Moore's law" here. By now I doubt they will be able to factor 1000 before the end of the decade.

## Re: (Score:2)

Moore's law wasn't applicable at the beginning of transistor on wafer creation. once tools where in place, then it started to run it's course.

## Re: (Score:2)

The effort invested in the first transistors and in this do not compare at all. Transistors were initially though to be useless. Turned out to be fantastically wrong. The converse is true for quantum computing.

## Re: (Score:2)

First, bullshit, the people who actively developed working transistor devices -- specifically Bell Labs -- knew damn well that they were useful as a replacement for vacuum tubes. Maybe you're thinking of lasers?

Second, regardless of the initial R&D development effort, the Moore's observation didn't apply until after the transistor left the lab and was in full modern production and so, if it ever is, will it be with quantum computers.

Complaining about the lack of exponential growth now is just ridiculou

## Re: (Score:2)

You are thinking of bipolar transistors. FETs were known a lot longer and are what makes modern electronics tick.

## Re: (Score:2)

As I see it, the dynamic of Moore's Law was threefold. First, it provided a simple model of how fast one should be developing integrated circuit technology. Second, there were plenty of zeros to run out Moore's Law for decades because as Feynman noted, "there's a lot of room at the bottom." And third, Moore's law sup

## Re: (Score:1)

Transister? Is that a brother who became a sister?

## Re: (Score:2)

## Re: (Score:2)

Transistors were initially though to be useless.Interesting, I hadn't heard that before, and I've been tinkering with electronics for over 45 years and have read hundreds of book about it. I looked up in Wikipedia (quoted below) and found no such indication. Do you have a link? As I said, I found that intersting and would like to know more.

## Re: (Score:2)

As I said, I found that intersting and would like to know more.

Here's more: They made that up as a shoddy explanation for why exponential growth didn't hit transistor-based ICs immediately to fallaciously justify their irrational expectation that quantum computers should immediately experience exponential growth. Every step of the logical chain is wrong even if you assume the previous step was correct, and the starting fact was a lie.

And now you know the whole story.

## Re: (Score:3, Interesting)

Even if it were more advanced now, it still wouldn't be much of a danger to cryptography.

There are enough encryption algorithms where quantum computing is not a danger.

Sure, algos using the dlog or factorisation problem would fall instantly, but something like McEliece would finally thrive.

## Re: (Score:1)

## Re: (Score:2)

Quantum computing is a new and unexplored field of cats, so I'd say that the cat images count too.

## Re: (Score:3)

This stuff scales incredibly bad with time. Not even a hint of a "Moore's law" here.

There is. [quantenblog.net]

## Re: (Score:2)

The thing with Moore's law, it's a doubling time. If the number you're doubling is very, very small doubling every 6 years (which is the actual doubling time for quantum computing so far) is not going to sound very impressive. But, if we have 5 qbits today, by the end of the decade we should have around 15 by the end of the decade and be able to factor numbers in the low tens of thousands. 12 years after that and you can factor numbers in the quadrillions. 12 years after that and you can factor numbers

## Do we really need to recycle photons? (Score:5, Funny)

## Re: (Score:2)

## Re: (Score:2)

## Re: (Score:2)

It's good for the photon, it's good for the quantum computer.

## Re: (Score:1)

As best I can guess from reading the article, the issue is that it is difficult to isolate the photon so that it can be used in the experiment. If they did not recycle it, they'd have to capture more. By running the experiments in series with one photon rather than in parallel with multiple photons, they make the experiment take longer to complete but leave it easier to perform. This allows them to investigate qubit intensive algorithms now rather than wait until they figure out a better method to build

## Re: (Score:1)

One with the energy equivalent to a Higgs Boson would be very exciting indeed. Maybe.

--

Strong ethanol force tonight the is..

## Oh Great (Score:1)

Now we can have lectures about the sustainability of quantum computing and quantum computing goes green on an attempt to save the planet?

## Optimize design - Simply guess "3" (Score:1)

For all non-even numbers below 25, it's either prime or divisible by 3 (and since 25 is square, then for all numbers before 35 really)

As such, a quantum computer these days may as well always set the bottom bit in the answer to 1, and alternate randomly the second bit.

## Re: (Score:2)

## factoring indistinguishable from division by 3 (Score:2)

This won't impress the Babylonians until we get to 60 + 17.

## Re:factoring indistinguishable from division by 3 (Score:4, Funny)

the number 35 is standing out back with a tire iron and would like to have a word with you....

## In other words, they added a qubit (Score:2, Insightful)

15 is between 2^3 and 2^4. 21 is between 2^4 and 2^5. Next stop, 51!

## Larger numbers factored already? (Score:3)

## Re: (Score:2)

Simply pay this article no heed, good netzien, and I'm sure we can get back to our endless Apple vs Microsoft vs Linux vs liberal vs conservative vs cut vs uncut vs AMD vs Intel vs Oprah retard flame wars in no time. Wretched hives from the chans to even the AOL forums will be green with envy.

## Re: (Score:1)

## Re: (Score:3)

Nonsense. It is still unknown if it is possible (even theoretically) to scale this up. One of the main reasons is quantum decoherence which seems to introduce errors faster than you can scale the machine.

There are plenty of reasons to abandon RSA (which assumes factoring to be hard) in favor of elliptic curves but these quantum factoring advances are not one of them. RSA keys must be huge in order to provide similar security that symmetric and elliptic curve algorithms provide with small keys. Also, it'

## Re: (Score:3)